Christian Aelst

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Christian Aelst
Person Christian Aelst
First name Christian
Middle name(s)
Last name Aelst
Spouse of
Widow of
Occupation Merchant
Secondary shorebased occupation
Mariner occupation
Associated with ship(s)
Training Not apprentice
Is apprentice of
Was apprentice of
Had apprentice(s)
Citizen Unknown
Literacy Signature
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Language skills Dutch language
Has interpreter
Birth street
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Birth country
Res street Kiddorp Street
Res parish
Res town Antwerp
Res county
Res province Brabant
Res country Spanish Netherlands
Birth year
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First deposition age
Primary sources
Act book start page(s)
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How complete is this biography?
Has infobox completed Yes
Has synthesis completed No
Has HCA evidence completed No
Has source comment completed No
Ship classification
Type of ship
Silver Ship litigation in 1650s
Role in Silver Ship litigation Mentioned

Biographical synthesis

Christian Aelst (alt. Christiaan Aalst; Christaen Aelst]) (b. ?; d. ?). Merchant. Described in a secondary source as a lace merchant.

Officer of the Antwerp mint.

Living in Antwerp in early 1650s.

Claimant in the High Court of Admiralty for silver on the Saint George and the Salvador; working with Hjeronimo Brudgmans, a Flandrian in Seville; "Christian Aelst liveth in the street Kiddorp in Antwerp, and Hjeronimo Brudgmans in Saint Nicholas Street in Sevill, and are subiects of the King of Spaine"[1]; Diego Maestre, servant in Seville to Hjeronimo Brudgmans, stated that "Christian Aelst is an officer of the King of Spaines mint att Antwerp where he hath his wife children and family."[2]

A "Senor Christian Aelst" is mentioned together with a "Diego Maestre" in a secondary source in what appears to cite a letter from "Jesus Maria. Sevilla a 20 de Abril 1660".[3]

The name "Christiaen Aelst" appears in a document catalogued as "Priviléges des monnayeurs au XViie siècle" which starts "Lyste vande ordinarische officiers vande Munte van Syne Majesteyt, residerende binnen de stadt van Antwerpen, ende nyet wesende onder die provoste ende gesworene vande Munte aldaer ende henitende gelycke vrydomme ende exemptie" and contains seventeen names, including "Gilles van Craywinckel, raedt ende generaele meester-ordinaris; Nicholaes de Groot, greffier vande voorschreve generaele meesters.." and continues "Boven dese syn nocht eenige raden ende generaele meesters-extraordinaris, de welcke syn genietende de voorschreve vrydom vuyt crachte van henne patente, te weten: Jan van Hencxthoven, Joris Vequemans, Hendrick van Hillewerven, Christiaen Aelst." The list appears to be dated August 5th 1654.[4]

Interesting, given Christian Aelst's link to the Antwerp mint, Jeronimo Brudgmans, Christian Aelst's Cadiz based partner, sold silver he procured in Cadiz to Nicholas Paulo, the factor of the Madrid based heirs of the deceased George Etton Heard, who were the "principall masters and mannagers" of the Spanish King's Treasury in Madrid. Hans Pohl (2005) identifies a Jorge van Ettenarden [alt. Jorge Ettenarden] in the accounts of the Pagador general del ejército in the (Spanish) Netherlands from the years 1633-1634 as a Paguista, transferring large sums of money in support of the Spanish administration in the Spanish Netherlands. He presumes that Ettenarden was German, and notes that he was transferring money on behalf of the Fugger family of merchant bankers.[5]

Speculatively, a book on "Ruben's textiles" states "Christiaen Aelst obtained his merchandise from 750 laceworkers around 1650 and in the same period Dirick Atenborch had work for a further 300 women..."[6]; the same source appears to be used in Alfons K. L. Thijs (1987), in which Christiaen Aelst is described as a "kantkoopman" (lace merchant). The source is cited as "Footnote 93: Pk.1015 (16-2-1655, C.Aelst). T.1118 (16-2-1655). T.1117 (ca.1655). J.DENUNCÉ, Brieven en..."[7]

Roland Baetens (1976) notes that "Christiaan Aalst had b.v. werklieden te Maastricht, Bergen op Zoom, Breda en 's Hertogenbosch. De belangrijkheid van deze industrie valt nog af te lezen uit het aantal kooplieden dat er zich mee bezig hield: in 1633 waren er mindestens 62 zijdehandelaars te Antwerpen bedrivig, in 1655 nog 54..."[8]

C. Dekker, R. Baetens, Suzanne Maarschalkerweerd-Dechamps (1992) contains a letter in Spanish, beginning: "Jesus Maria. Sevilla a 20 de Abril 1660 altos non 500 [?ducatós] a 117½ [?dXXXX]. A uno pagara vacestra Merced por esta [?XXXsira] primera de cambio al senor Christian Aelst quiniencos ducados de a cienco diez y ciette y medio gruessos cada uno por la valos de los senares Diego Maestre Christian Aelst el joven y Juan Bautista Ghizen..."[9]

Evidence from High Court of Admiralty

Comment on sources

  1. HCA 13/69 Silver 4 f.3r
  2. HCA 13/69 Silver 4 f.3r
  3. C. Dekker, R. Baetens, Suzanne Maarschalkerweerd-Dechamps, Album palaeographicum XVII provinciarum (Brépols, 1992 ), p.280
  4. Annales de l'académie d'archéologie de Belgique, 2nd series, vol.10 (Anvers, 1874), pp.154-155
  5. Hans Pohl, ‘Zur Bedeutung Antwerpens als Kreditplatz im beginnenden 17. Jahrhundert’ in Hans Pohl, Wirtschaft, Unternehmen, Kreditwesen, soziale Probleme, vol.1 (Stuttgart, 2005), pp.135-137; also ‘Anhang’ (appendix) to Hans Pohl, ‘Zur Bedeutung Antwerpens als Kreditplatz im beginnenden 17. Jahrhundert’ in Hans Pohl, Wirtschaft, Unternehmen, Kreditwesen, soziale Probleme, vol.1 (Stuttgart, 2005), pp.139-152, sourced by Pohl from accounting records at the Stadsarchief Antwerpen, Insolventen Boedelskamer 1937. See also J. Denuncé, Thomas de Sampayo en het Spaansch legerarchief (1626-1666), in: Antwerpsch Archievblad, 2.R.,1.J.,pp.309-320]
  6. Guy Delmarcel, Rubenstextiel, Rubens's textiles (Antwerp, 1997),p.27
  7. Alfons K. L. Thijs, Van "werkwinkel" tot "fabriek": de textielnijverheid te Antwerpen : einde 15de-begin 19de eeuw (XXXX, 1987), p.111
  8. Roland Baetens, De nazomer van Antwerpens welvaart. De diaspora en het handelhuis De Groote tijdens de eerste helft der 17de eeuw, vol.?1 [TBC] (XXXX, 1976), p.122
  9. C. Dekker, R. Baetens, Suzanne Maarschalkerweerd-Dechamps (eds.), Album palaeographicum XVII provinciarum (XXXX, 1992), p.280